Gingivoplasty or plastic surgery of the gingiva refers to the harmony gingiva-teeth which is an essential relationship for a beautiful, aesthetic and functional smile.
This is a specialized dental treatment undertaken by a Periodontologist. The periodontologist as the plastic surgeon corrects the relationship between teeth and gingiva so when we smile only a small portion of gingiva can be seen.
Gingivoplasty includes other treatments such as:
Elongation of the tooth crown
Frenectomy (elimination of the free gum of the upper or lower lip when the free gum interferes aesthetically and kinetically with the upper or lower lip)
Gingivoplasty is also recommended when we have gingiva pockets, spaces between tooth and periodontium, ideal places for microbe traps.
Finally, Gingivoplasty is an optional treatment when we have elongation of the crown and a part of the root of the tooth, in which case the periodontist takes a graft from the patient’s mouth and covers the tooth elongation.